Performing Wudu, also known as ablution, is an essential ritual purification in Islam before certain acts of worship, such as prayer. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform Wudu:

1. Intentions (Niyyah):

Begin by making the intention in your heart to perform Wudu for the purpose of purification and worship.
2. Begin with the name of Allah (Bismillah):

Say “Bismillah” (In the name of Allah) before starting Wudu.

3. Wash your hands:

Start by washing your hands three times, including wrists. Ensure that water reaches between your fingers.

4. Rinse your mouth:

Take water into your mouth and rinse it three times, moving the water around your mouth and teeth.

5. Clean your nose:

Inhale water into your nostrils and then blow it out, repeating this process three times.

6. Wash your face:

Wash your face three times, from the hairline to the chin and from ear to ear.

7. Wash your arms:

Wash your right arm, including the elbow, three times, and then repeat the process for the left arm.

8. Wipe your head:

Wet your hands and wipe your head from the front to the back and then back to the front using your wet fingers.

9. Wipe your ears:

Use your wet index fingers to wipe the inside and outside of your ears.

10. Wash your feet:
– Wash your right foot, including the ankle, three times, and then repeat the process for the left foot.

11. Recite the Shahada:
– After completing Wudu, recite the Shahada (declaration of faith): “Ashhadu an la ilaha illallah, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan rasulullah” (I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of Allah).

Important Notes:

Ensure that every part is washed three times, as it is the Sunnah (practice of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him).
Use a moderate amount of water. Wastefulness is discouraged in Islam.
Perform the actions in order without any interruptions.
If at any point during Wudu, you break your ablution (e.g., passing gas, using the restroom), you will need to restart the process.
It’s important to note that this guide provides a general overview, and individual practices may vary slightly based on different schools of thought within Islam. Always refer to your local Islamic scholars or community leaders for guidance specific to your community’s traditions.